Seed-propagated. Seed-propagated. In reality, non-natives and invasive plants are different. It doesn’t overwinter well, and most specimens look rough at best. Homeowner Water Guide. It is found on a wide range of soil moisture conditions from well drained to poorly drained and on a wide range of soil textures. Trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree (up to 20 m high) that is the most widely distributed tree in North America. Bow Point Nursery is a one of a kind tree farm and native-plant nursery just minutes from Calgary. Too bad, because there are a lot of varieties and a healthy barberry would have a lot of uses. It is shade-tolerant and is always found in the understory. In fact, they continue to change each year. I’m currently experimenting with new pruning techniques for this species. The Draft Alberta Illustrated Keys, written by Linda Kershaw and Lorna Allen cover all native and naturalized vascular plants in Alberta. Many of us have become deeply concerned about the promotion of, and amount of, native plants being harvested in the river valley system. These are inappropriate for Alberta. Too bad, because the flowers are really beautiful. And lilac produces what is arguably the most impressive-looking, formally sheared hedge. – These are not showy plants, by any means, but they are very tough and produce nice fruit. These are draft keys; corrected and updated versions have been compiled into a publication, now available through Amazon.ca. It grows in a variety of soils but is often found growing in well-drained but moist, silty soils. Also makes a great specimen planting. Cedar waxwings, for example, will not be found at your feeder filled with sunflower seeds. It is considered a climax species of the boreal forest region and is widely used for reclamation. But do we want our shrubs to merely survive, or do we want them to thrive? guide to the common native trees & shrubs of alberta by wayne inkpen & rob van eyk discover inside education’s full suite of learning resources, teacher professional development programs, classroom and field programs, & youth education summits at www.insideeducation.ca. Seed-propagated. One of my least favourite shrubs. ZONE 2 Black spruce (Picea mariana) can found in many different soils and climates in central and northern Alberta. Many bird species do not or eat only small amounts of seed in their natural diet; Some bird species cannot eat seeds. Bomb-proof. Many bird species do not or eat only small amounts of seed in their natural diet; Some bird species cannot eat seeds. Unless you have an indoor solarium, forget it. We collect our wildflower seed from natural spaces in Alberta and grow our plants outdoors and in-tune with the growing season to produce the hardiest of plants. common native trees & shrubs of alberta. I prefer ‘Vanilla Strawberry’ and ‘Little Lamb’, although a properly placed ‘Annabelle’ is a lovely choice. 2) Common Lilac & French Hybrids (Syringa vulgaris) –  The good ‘ol standby. It suckers readily and forms dense thickets. Seed-propagated. Seedlings have good drought tolerance. Seed-propagated. It is sometimes a nurse species for conifer seedlings. Vancouver Island.) They are tough to get rid of once they’re established. It became the bible for woody plant selection and information in the early days of my career, before I had many seasons of experience and observations with hardy trees and shrubs. The bush (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a sweet staple for pies, jams, or just chilled with cream (my favourite). Beaked Hazelnut prefers a rich sandy-clay loam but will grow on poorer sites, and can be used as an understory shrub. It has a good growth rate and self-propagates by suckering. It prefers open sites. The Oldman Watershed Council hired a local plant expert to come up with the top 10 best plants for Southern Alberta in 5 categories (perennial flowers, trees, shrubs, grasses and groundcovers). It has flat, broad "stems" covered with spikes (leaves) and will produce bright yellow Flowers in early spring. Boreal Horticultural Services Ltd. Beware, they can get much bigger than they’ll tell you at the garden centre. In The Wild Gaillardia is very common farther south in Alberta and in the Rocky Mountains, where it can often be seen growing in gravel by the side of the road. NATIVE AND WILD PLANTS. Prairie Originals offers prairie wildflowers and prairie grasses, shrubs and vines to create wildflower gardens and butterfly gardens. They commonly carry zone 4 and 5 (ie. They persist, but they do not thrive. blueberry (aka bilberry) bunchberry. This is the number one shrub that I’ve been removing over the past two seasons. Many garden centres, especially the seasonal ones that are set up at grocery stores and wholesale outlets, carry a host of plants that will not survive in Central Alberta, which  is Zone 2b to 3a. These shrubs are not low maintenance, but properly groomed specimens are an excellent addition to the garden or shrub bed. It fixes nitrogen so it can do well on poor fertility sites. In this category you'll find natives at their shortest of 4 inches, all the way to 3 feet. Their interesting foliage has a place in a mixed-texture garden, and they lend themselves to intensive pruning and interesting forms. Seed-propagated. Many of the specimens that I’ve encountered this year need to be removed and replaced. Our website is currently under construction. My Dad grows excellent specimens on his property in Vernon, but they are a disaster in our region. Native trees and shrubs do a few things that typical seed-based feeding stations cannot. Also, avoid some of the newer culitivars, especially ‘Coppertina.’  It is prone to powdery mildew. Choke cherry (Prunus virginiana) is widespread throughout Alberta and is found in open areas of the boreal region. wild bergamot (aka horsemint) wild licorice. It often grows in association with black spruce, alders and willows. My favourite plant in my garden is a red currant. (Iris spp. Pussy willow (Salix discolor) is a shrub or small tree (up to 10 m high) that forms clumps and is found along streams and sloughs. Wild About Flowers is a supplier of Native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses and a promoter of native plants in landscaping and gardening. Please contact us for any consulting, design, educational services, or plant-related inquiries in Calgary, Alberta and surrounding area. Most specimens I encounter, while neglected, are healthy. This is one of Alberta's native cactus, commonly found near Drumheller and south to the Cypress Hills. Create a landscape that flourishes with minimal effort and without additional resources by choosing plants that are a good fit for the growing conditions at your location.Use the filtering options to help you find the right plants or seeds for your landscape. Gaillardia aristata. It is intolerant of shade and is usually found in clearings or cut-over areas. This dwarf version of the white spruce grows very slowly—growing … PHOTO 2 … Native Shrubs. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is widely distributed across Canada and occurs in central and northern Alberta. Plants native to the Rocky Mountains make gardening in that region easier. If you’re moving to... 2) Barberry – This is one of the most common accent plants in landscape plantings. It does well on a wide range of soil textures and soil moisture conditions. 7) European Cranberry (V. opulus) – Those cute little round cranberry bushes are messy-looking things in winter, sensitve to shaping, and prone to powdery mildew in mid-summer. woodsorrel. I have found that they don’t renovate well, either, getting floppy and misshapen as they grow back. Tamarack (Larix laricina) is a deciduous, soft-needled conifer that is generally found in cold, wet, poorly drained sites but produces the best growth on moist, well-drained soils. Bearded Iris. Some of the cultivars are prone to aphids. Beaked Hazelnut is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub native to North America. It does not tolerate drought well and prefers moist sites. Western Canada goldenrod, Solidago lepida. It needs sun, however, so don’t put this plant in the shade. I still use it from time to time. Please avoid. They grow great on the Coast, but here, expect annual dieback and unsightly plants. They do seem to come back well if renovated to within a few inches of the ground in late winter. 2018). The bushes start small but will suck up all the sun you can give them to spread, mostly underground, across a wide area. cranberry. Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) occurs on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains and extends eastward into central Alberta where there is there is some overlap and hybridizing with jack pine. Beaked Hazelnut. Harebell, Campanula alaskana. 8) Spiraea – I have no landscape use for these plants. It can be a large shrub or small tree (0.6-6 m high). fairy bell. Okanagan), and sometimes you’ll even see zone 7 plants (ie. It is found in association with balsam poplar, white birch, white spruce and balsam fir. Manitoba Prairie Wildflowers, Manitoba Prairie Grasses and Native Prairie Shrubs and Vines help you create not just a flower garden but a sustainable, exciting community where you can share your space with nature's creatures like birds, butterflies, toads and frogs. You can find out more about selecting and purchasing native plants through the Alberta Native Plant Council. Fir trees are native to Alberta and grace the landscape with their narrow pyramidal form and soft flat, aromatic needles. Green alder is an important reclamation species because it fixes nitrogen and improves the fertility of the surrounding soil. Unless your dog pees on them, they are pretty bomb-proof. We pride ourselves on providing Albertans with plants, trees, vines, shrubs and ground covers specifically bred and grown for a long, healthy life in Alberta’s unique climate. Sandbar willow (Salix exigua) is a spreading shrub or small tree with narrow strap-like leaves.It is often found growing in ditches along roadways. They suffer horrendous die-back under extreme conditions. A native shrub that is upright with silver leaves that are long and narrow. Planted in good soil with occasional maintenance, these plants are bomb-proof, versatile, and lend themselves to very creative pruning styles. Available to purchase at local shops, 3. Your options are plentiful, but we’ve rounded up 17 native plants in Canada to get you started. I love picking the berries when I’m pruning on a hot summer day. These won’t make it. 4) American Highbush Cranberry – Get the species, Viburnum americanum. Seed-propagated. If you decide you need these in your yard, make sure they are well contained and that their roots won’t spread. We would love to hear from you. Our website is currently under construction. In the native plant world, there are few plants commercially available that rise just a few inches from the ground. It grows well on sandy soils and survives on nutrient-poor, xeric sites. The grasslands of Canada's Alberta province, on the eastern side of the Canadian Rockies, constitute 30 percent of Canada's arable land and are home to dozens of native sun-loving shrubs. High bush cranberry (Viburnum opulus) can be a shrub or small tree up to 4 m tall. Leafminer can be controlled with systemic sprays in late May. Sure, technically they are hardy, but what does that really mean? Edible Berries of Alberta This guide covers a number of edible berries in Alberta, Canada including the Edmonton and Calgary areas and the Jasper, Banff, Waterton Lakes, Elk … common native trees & shrubs of alberta. After the winter of 2009 and 2010, I now know they’re not. Not sure what plants are native to your region? Choke cherry (Prunus virginiana) is widespread throughout Alberta and is found in open areas of the boreal region. The 2019 - 2020 Seedex list is available for viewing at Native Plant Seed Exchange! Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. Wild About Flowers is a supplier of Native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses and a promoter of native plants in landscaping and gardening. Canada or russet buffaloberry (Shepherdia canadensis) is a small deciduous shrub that can grow to 2 m high. If you’re moving to Victoria, great, plant boxwood. The native pine in eastern Alberta is jack pine so lodgepole pine cannot be used for reclamation in that area. 9) Weigela – I have yet to see a really nice specimen. These shrubs die-back every year and once the deadwood is removed, it is difficult to rebalance what is left of the shrub. Among the many species in Alberta, common ones are: BEAKED WILLOW (S. bebbiana Sarg.) 1) Boxwood – very finicky and slow growing. Seed-propagated. The grasslands of Canada's Alberta province, on the eastern side of the Canadian Rockies, constitute 30 percent of Canada's arable land and are home to dozens of native sun-loving shrubs. Alberta, mainly along the edges of lakes, rivers and in wetter areas. If you miss the timing, every single fruit will have a little hole, with a nice little fly larva. The native pine in eastern Alberta is jack pine so lodgepole pine cannot be used for reclamation in that area. Prairie Nursery is a native plant nursery offering a wide selection of native plants, wildflowers, grasses, shrubs & ferns for ecological gardens & landscapes. wood lily. watercress. It tolerates a wide range of soil moistures and soil textures but does best on well-drained, moist sandy or gravelly loam soils. Green Living 17 Native Plants in Canada, by Province. Nice flowers and scent. Moderately tolerant of shade, it is often found growing in association with jack pine, prickly rose and cranberry. yellow glacier-lily (aka snow-lily) yellowcress. Seed-propagated. Native plants for our region are always a wise choice. If you are growing gooseberries or currants for their fruit, beware the currant fruit fly, and make sure you apply an insecticide at the right time, normally when the flowers begin to wilt. I’ve learned a lot since then, and my ideas have changed. Native trees and shrubs do a few things that typical seed-based feeding stations cannot. wild rose. cloudberry. Keep in a sunny, dry location. Native plants bring the distinct terroir, the flavor or sense of place, to landscapes and gardens. It is a nitrogen fixer so it will grow well on low fertility sites. It reminds me of growing up in the woods when I was a kid. 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