Spear Thistle. Images and key identification characteristics of the different members of the Thistle family of British wild flowers In its first year, it appears as a basal rosette of easily-broken, bristly, irregularly- Name: Bull thistle, Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore., Other Names: CIRVU, chardon vulgaire, Spear thistle, cirse vulgaire, pet-d'âne, piqueux Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compositae) General Description: Biennial, reproducing only by seed. Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo asinino. Positive: On Apr 6, 2006, Vasyr from Valrico, FL (Zone 9a) wrote: Sure, this plant is quite thorny and pops up everywhere (very quickly, I might add.) Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a root-creeping perennial. Milk thistle. And for goldfinch, well, it is one of their favorite foods. [23] The dried florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for curdling goats' milk in preparation for making cheese. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. For this reason, it has many other common names, such as 'Sticky Bobs', 'Stick-a-back' and 'Kisses' (because lovers cling to each other, too). Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). Restrictions (2007). Spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare) buds, Dorset, England, UK, July. In areas where it does not form monocultures it may also be welcome as a part of a meadow landscape. The upper surface of the leaf is rough and hairy. It also represents one of the highest honours the country can give an individual. Although it is intimidating in appearance and can sometimes form large infestations, this thistle is not as challenging to control as many others and is mainly a problem in hay fields and pastures. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. Email me at cris (at) tenrandomfacts (dot) com and ask for a specific topic. This protects the plant against herbivorous animals, stopping them from eating the plant.. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. Some farmers, due to its usefulness as part of the natural food chain, may find it useful to allow it to grow in beetle banks. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Where to find it. There are about 60 species in North America (although many species have been naturalized outside their native ranges). Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) Spear Thistle also has spiny winged stems but grow taller (to 2m). Spear Thistle is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site. Cirsium flodmanii - Flodman Thistle, Flodman's Thistle Cirsium foliosum - Drummond's Thistle, Elk Thistle, Leafy Thistle, Meadow Thistle Cirsium fontinale - Fountain Thistle Grassland. The inflorescence is 2.5–5 cm diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. Your email address will not be published. Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. Spear thistle is a tall biannual species, the flowering stem typically grows to 30cm – 1m in height usually in the second year. On my daily walks to the local marshy stream by a large meadow, a cluster of Bull thistles has recently burst into brilliant purple-pink flower. They are mostly native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Spear thistles have the scientific name Cirsium vulgare and they are from the family Asteraceae, the family of asters, sunflowers and daisies. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Spear thistle. An equine nutritionist responds about the risks. The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. The prickles often all over the plant – on the stem and flat parts of leaves. The key to 26 invertebrate pest groups that cause serious damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets. The flowerheads are 2 … One of the easy-to-spot botanical differences between thistles and their numerous relatives in the daisy family, is that the overlapping bracts (involucre) found directly below the flowers of thistles, are always spiny. As in other species of Cirsium (but unlike species in the related genus Carduus), the pappus hairs are feathery with fine side hairs. 5:209 (1835-36). Thickets of thistle crowd out forage grasses in pastures and rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity. It's almost impossible to misidentify a thistle. Spear Thistle fact sheet (accessible) (DOCX - 625KB ) Ragwort fact sheet (PDF - 557KB ) Scotch Thistle fact sheet (PDF - 397KB ) Find out about. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. Most posts contain affiliate links. Part of. Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. Cirsium vulgare. [citation needed], Other English names include bull thistle,[13][22] Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, and common thistle. Identifying thistles. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. Spear Thistle Fl.Napol. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. But thistle is an easy to identify genus and an easy to find plant. In North America, they don’t have the great complex of insects and diseases that evolved with them overseas. 5:209 (1835) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Name Status: Current Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 29 April 1997. [13], Spear thistle is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959,[18] and a noxious weed in Australia[17][19][20] and in nine US states. The monarch butterfly and other larger-sized butterflies can feed easily from the flowers due to their large size. Thistle is a group of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on around the flower and are in the Asteraceae family. It sometimes will function as an annual, flowering in the first year. Common Name: Bull thistle, (Common thistle, Spear thistle, Scotch thistle, Black thistle, Plume thistle) Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants) Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Identification: C. vulgare is a biennial cool-season broadleaf that forms large, coarse plants with spiny leaves, large taproots, … Horses Eating Thistle. It is one of many genera with the common name being thistles. It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and is generally distributed over the whole kingdom. [13], Despite this label, the plant has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. Photographer. Spear thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, black thistle, blue thistle, boar thistle, bull thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common bull thistle, common thistle, Fuller's thistle, green thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, Scotch thistle, swamp thistle. Napolit. Spear Thistle Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. Pl. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. Habitats. purple-red, Jan to Dec. Weed of … It’s is a little tricky to identify down to the species level, but a pretty easy plant to identify to the genus level. Authorisation Holder: Dow AgroSciences Limited, CPC2 Capital Park, … PAY ATTENTION TO THE RISK INDICATIONS AND FOLLOW THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ON THE LABEL. Your email address will not be published. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. Spear thistle. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. Spear thistle has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the margins, as well as hairy, spiny stems. According to O’Donovan Spear Thistle only spreads by seed. [7][8][9] It is the national flower of Scotland. It is frequent on unsown set-aside land and seems to have increased since the 1960s. [citation needed], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. Image number. An owner worries about her horse eating thistle. Visit Ten Random Facts's profile on Pinterest. I accept that the fact that ammunition was not found in the house does not mean that Mr. McCloskey didn't in fact have full magazines available at the time he confronted the mob. 28 Feb 2017 12:00 am. Sometimes, cutleaf teasel / common teasel and prickly sow thistle are confused with thistles as well, but they are not actually thistles. Always read the herbicide label. Spear thistle. Spear thistle. Common name(s): Bull thistle, spear thistle Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae) Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. Napolit. Availability World wide. Triple Rinse Containers and Invert to Dry at Time of Use. The supports for pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks. August 11, 2020 buffalo airways net worth. Fl. Milk thistle is ... Those who think this ingredient stains the teeth are wrong. It is best cleared from land by hoeing and deep cutting of the taproot before seeds mature; regular cultivation also prevents its establishment. Free from such pests, they are much more [2][3][4][5][6] It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. Pl. Pis. Whittlesea's native vegetation. Your efforts to remove the thistle from pastures are well worth your time, but complete eradication is difficult, especially with stressed pasture like you describe. [16] The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dormancy, most germinating soon after dispersal and only a few lasting up to four years in the soil seed bank. 5:209 (1835-36). Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. [17] Seed is also often spread by human activity such as hay bales. There is a magazine visible in pictures taken of McCloskey with his AR -- a twenty rounder from the looks of it -- but there's no proof the magazine had rounds in it. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Towns and … The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. The thistle has been an important symbol of Scottish heraldry for over 500 years. Being a biennial, early in the first year of its life its leaves form a very prickly rosette but by its first birthday it has become a downy plant which supports distinctive deep purple flowerheads (20-30mm), sometimes solitary, sometimes in cluster s. About Children delight in the sticky nature of Cleavers, frequently attaching the angular stems to each other or even their pets. Citation: Ten., Fl. thistle has been identified in Oregon only since 1987, purple/Iberian starthistle since 1993. It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. The Spear thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures). The Asteraceae family ( to 35mm ) with many small prickles on their upper surface of the can... 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