These details were used in a metaphor to rebuke King David for his adultery with Bathsheba. Just read thru (for the first time) the assention of our Holy Mother Mary into Heaven in one of the books in the Orthodox Bible. The seven "extra" books of the Catholic Bible are called Deuterocanonical books or "Apocrypha" by Protestants. Mark P. Shea is a popular Catholic writer and speaker. Jesus and the Apostles quote verses/stories from these books that were actually TAKEN OUT of the Bible during the Protestant Reformation. In earlier correspondence with Pope Damasus, Jerome did not call the deuterocanonical books unscriptural, he simply said that Jews he knew did not regard them as canonical. . But there's the rub: The Septuagint version of Scripture, from which Christ quoted, includes the Deuterocanonical books, books that were supposedly "added" by Rome in the 16th century. For starters, let’s all get on the same page. Some Protestants believe that the Bible is self explanatory, a doctrine that is not found in the Bible. First, is it reasonable to think that these typically oriental expressions of humility really constitute anything besides a sort of gesture of politeness and the customary downplaying of one's own talents, something common among ancient writers in Middle Eastern cultures? He is the author of numerous books, including Salt and Light: The Commandments, the Beatitudes, and a Joyful Life, By What Authority? Similarly, both Judith and Tobit have a number of historical and geographical errors, not because they're presenting bad history and erroneous geography, but because they're first-rate pious stories that don't pretend to be remotely interested with teaching history or geography, any more than the Resurrection narratives in the Gospels are interested in astronomy. Judith lies. How long will the footprints on the moon last? The book of Judith, for example, gets several points of history and geography wrong. The result is that these versions of the Bible have more Old Testament books than most Protestant versions. Notice too that the Lord and His Apostles observed the Jewish feast of Hanukkah (cf. Baruch 6. They lied and were justified in lying because Pharaoh did not have a right to the truth — if they told the truth, he would have killed Moses. All Rights Reserved. The Jews of the time, of course believing that Christianity was false, and as of yet not actually having a formally defined scriptures, sat down in 70 A.D. and finalized their scripture. I call these explanations "myths" because they are either incorrect or simply inadequate reasons for rejecting these books of Scripture. Hebrews 11:35 refers unmistakably to 2 Maccabees 7. And this applies to the handful of Church Fathers and theologians who expressed reservations about the deuterocanon. These books come from both the Old Testament and the New Testament alike.In the late 4th century, these books, and scriptures, were compiled into a single volume. And finally, this myth begins to disintegrate when you point out that the overwhelming majority of Church Fathers and other early Christian writers regarded the deuterocanonical books as having exactly the same inspired, scriptural status as the other Old Testament books. The Protestant, Catholic and Orthodox New Testaments are identical, all containing 27 books. Baruch 6. Both the Jewish Bible and the Hebrew canon in a Protestant Bible (aka Old Testament) contain 39 books, whereas a Catholic Bible contains 46 books in the Old Testament. Envoy is a bi-monthly journal of Catholic apologetics and evangelization. So the Church hardly felt the obligation to conform to the wishes of the rabbis in excluding the deuterocanonical books any more than they felt obliged to follow the rabbis in rejecting the New Testament writings. He trusted in God; let Him deliver him now if he wants him. Why not? In fact, he wound up strenuously defending their status as inspired Scripture, writing, "What sin have I committed if I followed the judgment of the churches? In strict fact, there was no ewe lamb, no theft, and no rich and poor men. This is not the assertion of the Ptolemiac theory that the sun revolves around the earth. "The Old Testament: five books of Moses, that is, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy; Josua, Judges, Ruth, four books of Kings, two of Paralipomenon; the first book of Esdras and the second, which is called Nehemias; Tobias, Judith, Esther, Job, Dave's Psalter of one hundred and fifty psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Canticle of Canticles, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Isaias, Jeremias with Baruch, Ezechiel, Daniel; the twelve minor prophets, that is Osee, Joel, Amos, Abdias, Jonas, Micheas, Nahum, Habacuc, Sophonias, Aggeus, Zacharias, Malachias; two books of Machabees, the first and the second. We’ll take a look at that today. The fact is, if we follow Luther in throwing out the deuterocanonical books despite the overwhelming evidence from history showing that we shouldn't (ie. The Septuagint, complete with the deuterocanononical books, was first embraced, not by the Council of Trent, but by Jesus of Nazareth and his Apostles. The result is that these versions of the Bible have more Old Testament books than most Protestant versions. And more than once, Christ Himself drew on the text of Sirach 27:6, which reads: "The fruit of a tree shows the care it has had; so too does a man's speech disclose the bent of his mind." They have been in the Catholic Bible from the late fourth century until today. If you’ve appreciated, The Work of Mercy: Being the Hands and Heart of Christ. Catholic Vs Protestant Bible Slides books in catholic bible not in protestant bible is important information accompanied by photo and HD pictures sourced from all websites in the world. If he called them Ôgods,' to whom the word of God came — and the Scripture cannot be broken — what about the One Whom the Father set apart as His very own and sent into the world?" But of course, this doesn't mean Jesus commits Himself to the Sadducees' whittled-down canon. 2 Maccabees 7 (2 Maccabees is one of the books removed from the Protestant Bible) The Martyrdom of Seven Brothers 7 It happened also that seven brothers and their mother were arrested and were being compelled by the king, under torture with whips and thongs, to partake of unlawful swine's flesh. This verse has formed the basis for countless complaints against the Catholic Church for supposedly "adding" to Scripture man-made traditions, such as the "merely human works" of the deuterocanononical books. For instance, Wisdom 2:12-20, reads in part, "For if the just one be the son of God, he will defend him and deliver him from the hand of his foes. The Catholic Bible has 73 books, 46 in the Old Testament (Protestant Bibles have 39) and 27 in the New Testament (same as Protestant Bibles). When did organ music become associated with baseball? When addressing the Pharisees, another Jewish faction of the time, Jesus does the same thing. Seven books of the Bible, all in the Old Testament, are accepted by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox, but are not accepted by Jews or Protestants. The folks who do are mostly Christians, and they usually fall into two general groupings: Catholics — who usually don't know their Bibles very well and, therefore, don't know much about the deuterocanonical books, and Protestants — who may know their Bibles a bit better, though their Bibles don't have the deuterocanonical books in them anyway, so they don't know anything about them either. Similarly, St. Paul alludes clearly to Wisdom chapters 12 and 13 in Romans 1:19-25. The other fallacy behind Myth #2 is that, far from being ignored in the New Testament (like Ecclesiastes, Esther, and 1 Chronicles) the deuterocanonical books are indeed quoted and alluded to in the New Testament. They are known as the Deuterocanon, they include the bolded books below (in the Old Testament list) and parts of Esther (10:4-16, 14) and Daniel (3:24-90, 13, 14). The British and Foreign Bible Society decided in 1827 to remove these books from further publications and labeled these books "apocryphal." If you’ve ever perused through the books of the Catholic Bible vs. the Protestant Bible you may have noticed some additional books in the Catholic Bible. With revilement and torture let us put him to the test that we may have proof of his gentleness and try his patience. The canon arrived at by the rabbis at Javneh was essentially the mid-sized canon of the Palestinian Pharisees, not the shorter one used by the Sadducees, who had been practically annihilated during the Jewish war with Rome. In fact, it wasn't until the very end of the apostolic age that the Jews, seeking a new focal point for their religious practice in the wake of the destruction of the Temple, zeroed in with white hot intensity on Scripture and fixed their canon at the rabbinical gathering, known as the "Council of Javneh" (sometimes called "Jamnia"), about A.D. 90. As we'll see in a moment, accepting this myth leads to some remarkable dilemmas a little further on. Discussion: The most noticeable differences occur in the number of books included and the order in which they have been arranged. It's that truth and not any fluff about history or geography or the fun using an alias that the author of Tobit aims to tell. He also axed from the canon Hebrews, Jude, and Revelation, consigning them to a quasi-canonical status. Dr. Barber: Well sure.Certainly there are books in the Catholic Bible that are not in the Protestant Bible, or even in the modern Jewish Bible. These books include: 1. By this device, the author is saying (with a nudge and a wink), "Psst, audience. How the Bibles Diverted During the 1500’s, Martin Luther broke away from the Catholic Church and embraced St. Jerome’s argument, and lead the Protestant Reformation, with the return to the original Hebrew scripture and away from the Greek translation. First, from a certain perspective, there are "errors" in the deuterocanonical books. 1 Cor. In this passage Christ condemns "teaching as doctrines human traditions." This group of books is called "deuterocanonical" not (as some imagine) because they are a "second rate" or inferior canon, but because their status as being part of the canon of Scripture was settled later in time than certain books that always and everywhere were regarded as Scripture, such as Genesis, Isaiah, and Psalms. Some Protestants believe that the Catholic Church added 7 books to the Bible at the Council of Trent in response to Luther’s Reformation, but that couldn’t be further from the truth. In 1534, Martin Luther translated the Bible into German. In the same way, it is largely the ignorance of this sad history that drives many to reject the deuterocanonical books. He simply holds the Sadducees accountable to take seriously the portion of Scripture they do acknowledge: that is, He argues for the resurrection based on the five books of the Law. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980. With this background, we can now address why the Protestant versions of the Bible have less books than the Catholic versions. Heb. In 1534, Martin Luther translated the Bible into German. In the case of Judith lying to King Holofernes in order to save her people, we must recall that she was acting in light of Jewish understanding as it had developed until that time. Nor was this new canon consistent with the Greek Septuagint version, which the rabbis regarded rather xenophobically as "too Gentile-tainted." They were added by the Catholic Church at the Council of Trent after Luther rejected it. A classic example of this is the doctrine of the Trinity, which wasn't defined until A.D. 325 at the Council of Nicaea, nearly 300 years after Christ's earthly ministry. In 405 AD, Pope Innocent I wrote a letter to the Bishop of Toulouse reaffirming this canon of 7… 1:15)? Does He bind them to acknowledge these books as canonical? That charism is reserved uniquely to the pope, in an extraordinary sense and, in an ordinary sense, corporately to all the lawful bishops of the Catholic Church who are in full communion with the pope and are teaching definitively in an ecumenical council. No. At least the first one actually answered which 7 Books of the Catholic Bible that the Protestants indeed threw out. Some Protestant Bibles, such as the original King James Version, include 14 additional books known as the Apocrypha, though these are not considered canonical. He "followed the judgment of the churches.". So why aren't the deuterocanonical books in today's Jewish Bible, anyway? The Protestant Bible consists of 66 books which are considered to be divinely inspired. The New Testament however, has 27 books in both. The Roman Catholic Bible also has additions to the books of Esther and Daniel. They just assigned a different status to some of the books. 7:10), whereas in other cases, "I, not the Lord" am speaking (cf. Were those 7 books removed by the Protestants, or added by the Catholics? The Protestant Bible and Catholic Bible are not the same book. Most importantly, do they belong in the Bible? We know what Nathan was trying to say and the way he was trying to say it. With this background, we can now address why the Protestant versions of the Bible have less books than the Catholic versions. He grouped the seven deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament under the title "Apocrypha," declaring. First, numerous non-canonical books are quoted in the New Testament. 7:12). briefly cover the differences between the Catholic and Protestant Bibles and the reasons behind those differences. This would include the Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Obadiah, Zephaniah, Judges, 1 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Lamentations and Nahum. It judged, however, that a list of the Sacred Books should be written into this decree so that no one may doubt which books the council accepts. The following list is the 7 books that the Catholics include that the Protestants do not. The early Church Fathers, such as St. Athanasius and St. Jerome (who translated the official Bible of the Catholic Church), rejected the deuterocanonical books as Scripture, and the Catholic Church added these books to the canon at the Council of Trent. Jews and Protestants have an Old Testament of 39 books, while the Catholic Old Testament contains 46. They only regarded the first five books of the Old Testament as inspired and canonical. Question: What's the difference between a Catholic Bible and a Protestant one? The deuterocanonical books are not found in the Hebrew Bible. In fact, fully two thirds of the Old Testament passages that are quoted in the New Testament are from the Septuagint. When Pope Damasus and the Councils of Carthage and Hippo included the deuterocanon in Scripture, that was good enough for St. Jerome. 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